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Countries : Canada :    

flag of Canada

North America

Lodging in Canada        Map of Canada

32,805,041 (July 2005 est.)
English 59.3% (official), French 23.2% (official), other 17.5%
1 July 1867 (union of British North American colonies); 11 December 1931 (independence recognized)
Northern North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, North Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Arctic Ocean on the north, north of the conterminous US
total: 9,984,670 sq km land: 9,093,507 sq km water: 891,163 sq km
   Land boundaries   
total: 8,893 km border countries: US 8,893 km (includes 2,477 km with Alaska)
varies from temperate in south to subarctic and arctic in north

   Natural resources   
iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, molybdenum, potash, diamonds, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas, hydropower
   Geography - note   
second-largest country in world (after Russia); strategic location between Russia and US via north polar route; approximately 90% of the population is concentrated within 160 km of the US border
   Government type   
confederation with parliamentary democracy
   Currency - Currency code   
Canadian dollar - CAD

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   Internet users:   
16.11 million (2002)

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